随着学习贯彻党的十九届四中全会精神不断深入,人们越来越认识到,制度优势是一个国家的最大优势,制度竞争是国家间最根本的竞争。说制度竞争是国家间最根本的竞争,这是因为,只有依靠制度,才能把各种要素、各方面力量整合起来,形成体系性、整体性力量。

With the study and implementation of the spirit of the fourth Plenary session of the 19th CPC Central Committee, it is increasingly recognized that institutional advantage is the greatest advantage of a country, and institutional competition is the most fundamental competition among countries. It is said that institutional competition is the most fundamental competition among countries, which is because only by relying on the system can all kinds of elements and various forces be integrated to form a systematic and holistic force.

回顾近代以来的历史,中国之所以能从积贫积弱、任人宰割中奋起,就是因为中国共产党领导人民在实践探索中取得一系列开创性制度成果,结束了旧中国“一盘散沙”的局面,实现了国家高度统一和各民族空前团结,凝聚起万众一心、众志成城的强大力量。

Looking back on the history of modern times, the reason why China can rise from the accumulation of poverty and weakness and let others kill it is because the Communist Party of China has led the people to a series of pioneering system achievements in practical exploration, ended the \"one piece of sand\" situation in old China, achieved a high degree of national unity and unprecedented unity among all ethnic groups, and consolidated a powerful force with one mind and one mind.

党的十九届四中全会《决定》指出,中国特色社会主义制度是党和人民在长期实践探索中形成的科学制度体系。正是这个制度体系,保障我国创造出经济快速发展、社会长期稳定的奇迹,也为发展中国家走向现代化提供了全新选择,为人类探索建设更好社会制度贡献了中国智慧和中国方案。

The Decision of the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee pointed out that the socialist system with Chinese characteristics is a scientific system formed by the Party and the people in their long-term practical exploration. It is this system that ensures that our country has created the miracle of rapid economic development and long-term social stability.It also provides a new choice for developing countries to move towards modernization, and contributes to the exploration of a better social system in China's wisdom and program.

一个制度体系,必然有一个居于统摄地位的制度。中国特色社会主义制度是在党的领导下探索形成、不断完善的,党的领导是中国特色社会主义最本质的特征,是中国特色社会主义制度的最大优势。中国共产党是最高政治领导力量,在我国国家制度和国家治理体系中,党的领导制度是党和国家各领域各方面制度的“纲”,处于统筹、统领、统帅地位,是我国最重要最根本的制度。发挥制度的体系性作用,必须把党的领导体现到国家治理的方方面面,有效转化为国家制度优势和国家治理效能。

A system of institutions, there must be a dominant status of the system. The socialist system with Chinese characteristics is explored and formed under the leadership of the Party, and the leadership of the Party is the most essential characteristic of socialism with Chinese characteristics and the greatest advantage of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics. The Communist Party of China is the highest political leading force, in our country's national system and the national governance system, the party's leadership system is the \"outline\" of the party and the state's various systems in all fields, and is in the position of overall planning, leading and commander-in-chief, and is the most important and fundamental system in our country. To give play to the systematic role of the system, we must embody the leadership of the Party in all aspects of national governance and effectively transform it into the advantages of the national system and the effectiveness of national governance.

党的十九届四中全会系统集成了党的十八届三中全会以来全面深化改革的理论成果、实践成果、制度成果,凝练概括了我国国家制度和国家治理体系13个方面的显著优势。我们要从体系层面深入认识、把握和运用这些显著优势,使它们作为一个有机整体形成体系合力、发挥集成效能。

The system of the fourth plenary session of the 19th CPC Central Committee integrates the theoretical, practical and institutional achievements of the comprehensive deepening of the reform since the third plenary session of the 18th CPC Central Committee, and condenses and summarizes the remarkable advantages in 13 aspects of the national system and the national governance system of our country. We should deeply understand, grasp and apply these remarkable advantages from the system level, so that they can form the system as an organic whole and play the role of integration.

同时,坚持和完善中国特色社会主义制度、推进国家治理体系和治理能力现代化,必须在党中央统一领导下,科学谋划、精心组织,远近结合、整体推进。党的十九届四中全会提出的总体目标是一个远近结合、分步推进的体系性目标,部署的13个方面重大任务也是一个有机统一的体系性任务。贯彻落实全会精神,推进各领域、各方面的制度改革和建设,都要将其放在整个国家制度和国家治理体系中来考虑,注重系统性、整体性、协同性。也应注意,整体推进不是平均用力、齐头并进,而是要注重抓主要矛盾和矛盾的主要方面,注重抓重要领域和关键环节,抓紧就党中央明确的国家治理体系和治理能力现代化急需的制度、满足人民对美好生活新期待必备的制度进行研究和部署,以重点突破带动整体推进。

At the same time, upholding and improving the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity must be scientifically planned, meticulously organized, integrated and promoted as a whole under the unified leadership of the Party Central Committee. The overall goal put forward by the fourth plenary session of the 19th CPC Central Committee is a systematic goal of combining far and near and advancing step by step. To carry out the spirit of the plenary session and promote institutional reform and construction in all fields and in all fields, it is necessary to put it into consideration in the whole national system and the national governance system, with emphasis on systematization, integrity and synergy. It should also be noted that the overall advance is not an average effort to go hand in hand, but rather to focus on the main aspects of the principal contradictions and contradictions, to focus on the important areas and key links, and to study and make arrangements on the system needed for the Party Central Committee's clear state governance system and the modernization of its governance capacity, and to meet the people's new expectations for a better life, so as to focus on breaking through and driving the overall advance.

制度的生命力在于执行,发挥制度的体系性作用尤需推动制度一体执行。党的十九届四中全会既强调突出坚持和完善支撑中国特色社会主义制度的根本制度、基本制度、重要制度,着力固根基、扬优势、补短板、强弱项,构建系统完备、科学规范、运行有效的制度体系,又要求加强系统治理、依法治理、综合治理、源头治理,把我国制度优势更好转化为国家治理效能。我们要强化制度意识,维护制度权威,健全权威高效的制度执行机制,加强对制度执行的监督,坚决杜绝制度执行中做选择、搞变通、打折扣的现象。

The vitality of the system lies in the implementation, and it is especially necessary to promote the implementation of the system. The Fourth Plenum of the 19th CPC Central Committee stressed the importance of upholding and perfecting the fundamental system, the basic system and the important system that underpin the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, focusing on strengthening the foundation, promoting advantages, making up for weaknesses and weaknesses, and building an effective system with complete systems, scientific norms and operation. We should strengthen the system consciousness, uphold the authority of the system, improve the authority and efficient system implementation mechanism, strengthen the supervision of the system implementation, and resolutely put an end to the phenomenon of making choices, making modifications and discounting in the system implementation.


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